What is Turquoise? Unveiling the Gemstone’s Mystique

Turquoise is a highly valued opaque mineral known for its striking blue-to-blue-green colors, which have made it a treasured gemstone for millennia. Its unique hue is a result of its chemical composition, which is a hydrous phosphate of copper and aluminum. The presence of copper contributes to its blue shade, while traces of iron or chromium can add a greenish tone. Turquoise forms in arid regions through the process of water evaporating from mineral-rich soil, leaving behind deposits in rock fissures and voids.

Historically, turquoise has held significance in various cultures, revered not only for its beauty but also for its perceived protective and healing properties. It has been discovered in ancient Egyptian tombs dating back to 4,000 BC, and through the ages, it has been used in jewelry and ornamentation—a testament to its enduring appeal. In addition to its decorative uses, turquoise also holds the distinction of being the traditional birthstone for December.

As a gemstone, turquoise is often associated with artisanal jewelry and is commonly cut into cabochons or used as beads. The value of turquoise is determined by factors such as its color, texture, and presence or absence of matrix, which are the natural inclusions that can form patterns on the stone. The finest quality of turquoise presents an even, intense color, free of inclusions, making it a rare and sought-after gem.

What Is Turquoise?

Turquoise is a highly valued mineral known for its striking blue-green hues. As both a gemstone and cultural artifact, it carries a legacy that spans thousands of years and various civilizations around the globe.

What Is It Made Of?

Turquoise consists of a hydrous phosphate of copper and aluminum. Its chemical formula is expressed as CuAl₆(PO₄)₄(OH)₈·4H₂O. This mineral’s distinct color palette ranges from blue to green, influenced by the copper and aluminum components within.

Where Is It Found?

This mineral is typically found in arid regions, with important sources including Iran, the Southwestern United States, and the Sinai Peninsula in Egypt. The extraction of turquoise can vary, with some regions offering more accessible deposits than others.

Who Started Using It?

The use of turquoise dates back to ancient civilizations, with evidence of its use found independently across Africa, Asia, South America, and North America. These cultures utilized turquoise in various ways, from crafting gemstones to adorning objects with inlays, emphasizing its longstanding global appeal.

What Is Turquoise for?

Turquoise, a valued gemstone, primarily serves as a source of positive energy and mental clarity, enhancing one’s sense of well-being and outlook on life.

Zodiac Signs:Sagittarius
Best for:Revitalization, Optimism, Positivity

How Do You Use It?

Turquoise is often cut and polished for use in jewelry as a means to carry its revitalizing properties with the wearer. It’s a popular choice for necklaces, bracelets, earrings, and rings. Artisans also incorporate turquoise into inlay work and small sculptures, capitalizing on its vibrant hues and unique matrix patterns that add character to the finished pieces.

What Chakras Is It Associated With?

Turquoise is closely associated with the Throat Chakra, which is the center for communication in the body’s chakra system. By aligning with this chakra, turquoise is believed to aid in the promotion of clear and honest expression and to enhance the ability to speak one’s truth confidently.

How Big Is It Normally?

Turquoise is typically found in small sizes suitable for use in jewelry. The stone is rarely found in large pieces, making substantial specimens particularly valuable. Here’s a general sense of its common dimensions:

  • Beads and Cabochons: Ranging from a few millimeters to about two centimeters.
  • Rough Specimens: Usually not exceeding a few centimeters in diameter.
  • Sculptures and Inlays: Custom cuts to fit the design, generally staying within the size constraints of available high-quality turquoise.

What Is the Purpose of Wearing Turquoise?

Wearing turquoise jewelry serves both aesthetic and symbolic purposes. It is chosen for its vibrant hues and the belief that it possesses healing properties.

Where Do You Put It on Your Body?

  • Necklaces and Pendants: Positioned close to the throat, turquoise necklaces may align with the throat chakra, which some believe to be the center of communication.
  • Bracelets and Rings: Turquoise worn on the wrists or hands can be constant visual reminders of its significance and purported healing benefits.
  • Earrings: Turquoise earrings can frame the face, highlighting its features while also being associated with emotional balance through their proximity to the head.

Alternatives to Turquoise

Other Crystals for Optimism

In the realm of healing crystals, different stones carry the potential to foster optimism. Each has its unique properties, elemental connections, and historical lore.

Green Sapphire

Green Sapphire, known for stimulating the heart chakra, often encourages feelings of trust and understanding. It’s believed that by opening the heart, the crystal can enhance an individual’s positivity and willingness to look forward with hope.


Opalite, a man-made glass reservoir of cheerful energy, is used to elevate the spirit. Healers often recommend Opalite to combat fatigue and harness a sense of personal power that can lead to a more optimistic outlook.

Other Crystals for Positivity

Certain crystals are believed to imbue their surroundings with positive energy, enhancing well-being and promoting a more upbeat atmosphere.

Crazy Lace Agate

Crazy Lace Agate, characterized by its intricate banding and vibrant patterns, is often called the “Laughter Stone” due to its association with joy and optimism. This stone is said to support emotional balance, which enables one to find humor and appreciation in everyday experiences.


Goldstone is a man-made crystal with flecks of copper suspended within. Despite its synthetic nature, it is reputed to generate feelings of confidence and vitality. Individuals often turn to Goldstone for its purported ability to encourage a positive attitude and ambition.